Présentation d’une nouvelle revue internationale dédiée à l’histoire de l’éducation et à l’histoire de la littérature pour l’enfance.

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Nouveauté /New Journal

L’Université de Macerata vient de publier les deux premiers numéros de l’année 2006 d’une revue semestrielle consacrée à l’histoire de l’éducation au sens large et à l’histoire de la littérature pour l’enfance. La revue a un caractère international et publie des essais et des recherches aussi bien en italien qu’en français, anglais et espagnol, sans traduction.

"History of Education & Children’s literature", l,1(2006), ISSN 1971-1093 (print)/ ISSN 1971-1131 (online), (Edizioni Università di Macerata,ltaly).

"History of Education & Children’s literature", l,2(2006), ISSN 1971-1093 (print)/ ISSN 1971-1131 (online), (Edizioni Università di Macerata,ltaly).

Ces deux premiers numéros, qui par ailleurs se présentent sous une veste éditoriale très élégante, sont plutôt hétéroclytes et balaient un champ scientifique large, dans lequel néanmoins l’histoire de la littérature pour l’enfance a une place prépondérante.

Chaque volume comprend les sections suivantes:

- Essais et Recherches
- Sources et Documents
- Compte-rendus critiques, présentations et bibliographie

Dans le premier volume méritent une attention, d’un point de vue des politiques de l’éducation, les essais suivant:

Daniel Lindmark, Importing Education Reform. International News in The of democratization Sweden’s First Pedagogical Journal (1810-1812).

The article presents an investigation of the international contents of the first journal in Sweden, «Magazine for Parents and Teachers» edited by Carl Ulric Broocman froID 1810 until his demise in 1812. Issued in numbers only, for the journal exercised long-lasting influence on the Swedish pedagogical especially concerning the objective and organisation of public education, a burning issue the first half of the 19th century.

Simonetta Polenghi,Youth Culture and military Education in Napoleonic Times: the Battalions of Hope in the First Cisalpine Republic.

The case presented is about the experience of the so called Battaglioni della Speranza (Battalions of Hope) which were set up in the Italian Cisalpine Republic (1797-1802), on the model the revolutionary Bataillon de l’Espérance. The Italic Battalions of Hope were to be composed by children and the teenagers, from 7-10 to 17 years old, recruited from poor families. Provided by the authorities with green uniforms, shoes, caps, rifles, swords and military tools, these boys were given a military training, so that they could take part in political celebrations. The archivial sources allow a detailed reconstruction of this experience in Milan and partially in Bologna. ln both cases we can see that, beyond the political and economical struggle that around this experience, the particular significance that boys gave to it was different form the ones coming from adults.

Antonella Cagnolati, "Educare arbuscolas Dei". The School of Infancy in Comenius’ Educational Theory.

In ail his life and work Comenius (1592-1670) tried ta fight against old stereotypes in education and to elaborate a new ontological idea of infancy. Founding the main basis of his conception in the Gospels, he also dedicates ail his educational care ta the very Young. The article analyses the Comenius ’ educational theory exposed in the famous Opera Didactica Omnia (1657).

Dans le deuxième volume, on peut mettre en exergue les contribuitions suivantes:

Elemér Kelemen, Changes in Educational Policy in Eastern Central Europe in the 1990.

The study presents the main processes and tendencies of change in educational policy in Central Europe during the decade following the political turning point of 1990.

Roberto Sani, Schools in Italy and Democracy Education in the Aftermath of Second Word War.

A strong debate aroseat the end of the second World War about the process of democratization in the country, and about the new generations’ education in democratic ideals, which were promoted by the anti-Fascist policy towards the end of the Second World War. A new light is thrown on the Sub-Committee for Education of the Allied Government, directed by the American pedagogists Carl Washburn, which played a pre-eminent role in this process.

Sabrina Fava, Maria Montessori du côté de l’enfance/Maria Montessori on the Children’s Side.

Following the more recent and up-to-date literary criticism, the article outlines the biography and the complicated cultural and scientific route of Maria Montessori. The main stages of her psycho-pedagogical works are underlined, as well as the origin and development of the enterprise she furthered in special education and in children’s care.