Conclusioni dell’indagine nazionale 2003 sull’analfabetismo degli adulti svolta su un campione di 19000 persone di 16 anni e più. // Compte rendu des résultats de l’enquête national 2003 sur l’illettrisme des adultes de 16 ans et plus, effectuée sur un échantillon de 19 000 personnes dans les ménages ou dans les prisons.

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Illettrisme aux Etats-Unis

L’enquête permet de comparer les données de 2003 avec celle de 1992, qui ont été produite par la première grande enquête américaine sur l’illetrisme des adultes, enquête qui a ouvert la piste à l’enquête IASL (International Adult Literacy) de l’OCDE.

I nuovi dati permettono di effettuare un confronto con i dati di 10 anni fa, raccolti nell’indagine svolta nel 1992, che è stata la prima grande indagine americana sull’alfabetizzazione degli adulti. Questo rilevamento ha per altro aperto allora la strada all’indagine internazionale IALS dell’OCSE svoltasi tra il 1994 ed il 1998.

NAAL is the first national assessment of adult literacy since the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey. Three types of literacy were measured: Prose, Document, and Quantitative. Results were reported in terms of scale scores (on a 500-point scale) and in terms of four literacy levels—Below Basic, Basic, Intermediate, and Proficient. This report, Literacy in Everyday Life, presents findings from the 2003 assessment. It examines changes in literacy levels for the total adult population of the United States, as well as for adults with different demographic characteristics (gender, race, age, and ethnicity). Changes in literacy levels are reported for 2003 as well as between 1992 and 2003. In addition, the report describes how American adults age 16 and older at varying literacy levels use written information in their everyday lives. Specifically, this report describes the relationship between literacy and a number of self-reported background characteristics including education, employment, earnings, job training, family literacy practices, civics activities, and computer usage. It examines the relationship between educational attainment and literacy and reports changes between 1992 and 2003. In addition, the relationship between literacy and adult education, including basic skills classes, English as a second language classes, and information technology certification is reported. The findings discuss the relationship between literacy and employment status, occupation, weekly wage or salary, job training, and participation in public assistance programs. Moreover, the report examines how parents, grandparents, and guardians at different literacy levels interact with the children living in their homes around issues related to literacy and school. Finally, the report discusses how adults at different literacy levels participate in government and community affairs by voting, staying informed, and volunteering.

Download, view and print the Comprehensive Report as a pdf file. PDF File (3,674KB)

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Selon une nouvelle étude du National Center for Education Statistics, un adulte américain sur 20 est illettré. L’étude qui compare les résultats de2003 avec ceux de 1992, estime qu’il y a eu peu de changements durant ces 10 années si ce n’est que le pourcentage d’adultes avec un très faible ou un très élevé niveau a diminué. Commentaires très mince du Café pédagogique en France.

Le rapport en entier peut être déchargé sous le format d’ un fichier PDF (3,67 KB)